Protecting Our Food Partners
Companies and organizations that donate healthy food that would otherwise go to waste are protected from criminal and civil liability under the Good Samaritan Food Donation Act.
The Federal Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act
On October 1, 1996, President Clinton signed this act to encourage donation of food and grocery products to non-profit organizations for distribution to individuals in need. This law:
- Protects you from liability when you donate to a non-profit organization;
- Protects you from civil and criminal liability should the product donated in good faith later cause harm to the recipient;
- Standardizes donor liability exposure. You or your legal counsel do not need to investigate liability laws in 50 states; and
- Sets a floor of “gross negligence” or intentional misconduct for persons who donate grocery products. According to the new law, gross negligence is defined as “voluntary and conscious conduct by a person with knowledge (at the time of conduct) that the conductis likely to be harmful to the health or well-being of another person.”
The text of the bill itself follows:
The Bill Emerson Food Donation Act
One Hundred Fourth Congress of the United States of America
At the Second Session
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Wednesday, the third day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-six.
To encourage the donation of food and grocery products to nonprofit organizations for distribution to needy individuals by giving the Model Good Samaritan Food Donation Act the full force and effect of law.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
Section 1. CONVERSION TO PERMANENT LAW OD MODEL GOOD SAMARITAN FOOD DONATION ACT AND TRANSFER OF THAT ACT TO CHILD NUTRITION ACT OF 1966.
(a) Conversion to Permanent Law. — Title IV of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 is amended —
1. by striking the title heading and sections 401 and 403 (42 U.S.C. 12671 and 12673); and
2. in section 402 (42 U.S.C. 12672) —
(A) in the section heading, by striking “model” and inserting “bill emerson”
(B) in subsection (a), by striking “Good Samaritan” and inserting “Bill Emerson Good Samaritan:”
(C) in subsection (b)(7), to read as follows:
“(7) GROSS NEGLIGENCE. — The term ‘gross negligence’ means voluntary and conscious conduct (including a failure to act) by a person who, at the time of the conduct, knew that the conduct was likely to be harmful to the health or well-being of another person.”;
(D) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
“(c) LIABILITY FOR DAMAGES FROM DONATED FOOD AND GROCERY PRODUCTS.
“(1) LIABILITY OF PERSON OR GLEANER. — A person or gleaner shall not be subject to civil or criminal liability arising from the nature, age, packaging, or condition of apparently wholesome food or an apparently fit grocery product that the person or gleaner donates in good faith to a nonprofit organization for ultimate distribution to needy individuals.
“(2) LIABILITY OF NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION. — A nonprofit organization shall not be subject to civil or criminal liability arising from the nature, age, packaging, or condition of apparently wholesome food or an apparently fit grocery product that the nonprofit organization received as a donation in good faith from a person or gleaner for ultimate distribution to needy individuals.
“(3) EXCEPTION. — Paragraphs (1) and (2) shall not apply to an injury to or death of an ultimate user or recipient of the food or grocery product that results from an act or omission of the person, gleaner or nonprofit organization, as applicable, constituting gross negligence or intentional misconduct.”; and
(E) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following: “Nothing in this section shall be construed to supersede State or local health regulations.”.
(b) TRANSFER TO CHILD NUTRITION ACT OF 1966. — Section 402 of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12762) (as amended by subsection (a))
1. is transferred from the National and Community Service Act of 1990 to the Child Nutrition Act of 1966;
2. is redesignated as section 22 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966; and
3. is added at the end of such Act.
(c) CONFORMING AMENDMENT. — The table of contents for the National and Community Service Act of 1990 is amended by striking the items relating to title IV.
Speaker of the House of Representatives
President of the Senate Pro Tempore
William J. Clinton
President of the United States
We Work Together
We rescue food from grocers in the area, weigh it, and report the volume to the Blue Ridge Area Food Bank (www.brafb.org, part of the Feeding America nationwide network of food banks) to provide meals to people across the United States. We are one of their Food Pantry Partners
Please make sure you follow some simple rules when donating food.
- We cannot accept homemade items.
- Our wish list always includes non-perishable meats or proteins, including peanut butter
- Please keep personal care items separate from food items (i.e. mouthwash).
- We commonly accept the following items from food drives:
• Canned foods like soup, fruit or vegetables
• Fresh produce & frozen foods
• Dairy & juice within the expiration date
• Excess food from promotions & seasonal products
• Excess food from trade shows
Food Donation Guidelines
Our Soup Kitchen and Pantry adhere to the same guidelines that grocery retailers, food manufacturers and restaurants must follow:
- The Current Good Manufacturing Practices for the Manufacturing, Processing, and Packaging, or Handling Human Food developed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) [PDF]
- The FDA Model Food Code
- Model Salvage Code developed by the FDA and the Association of Food and Drug Officials
- Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
- Fair Packaging and Labeling Act